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Appendix: Material resistance of plastics

Table 1: Resistance of various plastics (without obligation)


 Sign  Meaning
 ++  resistant
 +  conditionally resistant
 =  non-resistant


 Material  Concentration  Rubber  Polyamide  Polyurethane  Polypropylene
Acetaldehyde 40% + + = +
Acetone - ++ ++ = +
Acetylene - ++ ++ ++ -
Acrylic acid >30°C - - = = -
Adhesive - - - ++ -
Alkyl alcohol - ++ + = -
Alkyl benzene - - ++ - -
Aluminium acetate - - ++ - -
Amine, aliphatic - - ++ - -
Amino acid mixtures - - ++ - -
Ammonium bicarbonate - - ++ - -
Ammonium carbonate - ++ - = -
Ammonium hydroxyde - - - = -
Ammonium nitrate - + - ++ ++
Ammonium rhodanide - - ++ - -
Ammonium salts - - ++ - ++
Ammonium sulphate - + - ++ ++
Amyl alcohol - ++ ++ + ++
Amylacetate - ++ ++ = ++
Aniline - = + = ++
Antra quinone, 85%C - - ++ - -
Barium salts - ++ + ++ ++
Beer - ++ ++ ++ -
Benzene, Petrol ether - = ++ ++ =
Bitumen - = ++ ++ -
Borax - ++ - ++ -
Boric acid, aqueous 10% ++ + ++ +
Borine - = ++ ++ -
Butane - = ++ ++ -
Butter - = = = =
Carbolineum - = ++ = -
Carbon monoxide, hot - - ++ = -
Carbonic acid - - - ++ -
Casein - - ++ - -
Caustic potash - - - = -
Caustic soda - - - = -
Chlorine, chlorine water - = = = =
Chromic acids, aqueous 10% = + + =
Citric acid, aqueous 10% ++ ++ - -
Citrus oils - - ++ - -
Cobalt acids, aqueous 20% - + - -
Coconut oil - = ++ ++ -
Copper chloride - ++ - ++ -
Copper salts, aqueous 10% - = ++ -
Copper sulphate - + + ++ ++
Cotton seed oil - - - ++ -
Cresols - - = ++ -
Crude oil - = ++ ++ -
Cyclohexanol - + ++ + -
Decalcifier, aqueous 10% - ++ - -
De-icing salts (solutions) - - ++ - -
Dichlorobenzol - = ++ = =
Dichlorobutylene - = - = -
Diethyleneglycol - ++ ++ ++ -
Dimethyl formic amide - + ++ = ++ (max. 20°C)
Dimethylaniline - - - = -
Dimethylether - + ++ ++ ++
Ethanoic acid 30% = ++ = ++
Ethanol amine - - - = -
Ether - - ++ ++ -
Ethyl acetate - + ++ = -
Ethyl alcohol - ++ + ++ ++
Ethylene - - - ++ -
Fatty acids - - ++ ++ -
Fir leaf oil - = - ++ -
Flue gas - - - = -
Fluorine - = = = =
Formaldehyde 30% ++ ++ + ++
Formic acid 10% + = = ++ ( max. 60°C)
Formic amide, pure - ++ ++ + -
Furfural - - ++ = -
Gelatine - - - ++ -
Glucose - ++ - ++ -
Glycerine - ++ ++ ++ ++
Glycol - ++ + + ++
Hexane - = ++ ++ -
Hydraulic liquids - = ++ = -
Hydrochloric acid, aqueous 30% + = = ++
Inert gases - - ++ - -
Ink - ++ ++ ++ -
Iron chloride, acidic 10% + = + ++ (max. 20°C)
Iron sulphate - - - ++ -
Isoprophyl ether - ++ - ++ -
Isopropyl chloride - = - = -
Lactic acids - = = = ++
Lead acetate, aqueous 10% + ++ ++ =
Lead nitrate - ++ - ++ -
Lees, 80°C - ++ ++ - -
Liquid ammonia 20% ++ ++ = ++
Magnesium salts, aqueous 10% - ++ ++ ++
Malic acid - - ++ + ++ (max. 60°C)
Manganese salts 10% - + - -
Mercury - ++ ++ ++ ++
Mercury chloride - - = ++ ++
Methyl alcohol - + + ++ ++
Methyl ethyl ketone - = ++ = ++
Methyl pyrolidone - - - = -
Methylene chloride - = = = -
Milk - ++ ++ ++ -
Mineral oils - = ++ ++ -
Mono bromo benzol - = - = -
Mortars, cements, lime - ++ ++ - -
Mustard - - - ++ -
Naphthalene - = ++ = ++ (crystalline)
Nickel chloride, aqueous 10% ++ + ++ -
Nickel salts, aqueous 10% - + ++ -
Nickel sulphate, aqueous 10% + + ++ -
Nirohydrochloric acid - = = = =
Oleic acid - = ++ ++ -
Oxalic acids, aqueous 10% - + - ++
Ozone - = + ++ -
Palmitic acid - = ++ = -
Paraffin - = ++ ++ -
Phenyl benzol - = - = -
Phenyl ethyl ether - = - ++ -
Phosphoric acid, aqueous 10% + = - ++
Potassium chloride 10% + ++ ++ ++ (max. 20°C)
Potassium cyanide - - - + -
Potassium hydroxide - - ++ = ++
Potassium salts - - - + ++
Potassium sulphate - ++ - ++ ++
Propane - = ++ ++ -
Propyl alcohol - - - + -
Pure acetic acid - + - = ++
Ricinol - - - ++ -
Silver nitrate - + - ++ ++
Soda lye 50% ++ + = ++
Soda solution, aqueous 10% ++ ++ - -
Sodium carbonat, aqueous 10% - ++ = ++
Sodium chloride, aqueous 10% + = ++ ++ (max. 20°C)
Sodium cyanide, aqueous 10% - ++ = -
Sodium hydroxyde, aqueous - - - = ++
Sodium nitrate, aqueous 10% ++ ++ ++ ++
Sodium phosphate, aqueous 10% ++ ++ ++ ++
Sodium silicate, aqueous 10% ++ ++ + -
Sodium sulphate, aqueous 10% ++ ++ ++ -
Sodium sulphide, aqueous 10% + ++ + -
Sodium thiosulfate 10% ++ ++ + -
Stearic acid - = ++ = -
Sulphuric acid - + + = ++
Tannin acid 10% ++ - - -
Tartaric acid, aqueous 10% ++ ++ + -
Tetrachloro carbons - = ++ = -
Tincture of iodine - ++ = = ++
Toluol - = ++ = =
Trichloroethylene - = + = =
Turpentine oil - = ++ + =
Uranium fluoride - - = - -
Uric acid, aqueous 10% ++ ++ - -
Urine - ++ ++ - -
Vaseline - - ++ - ++ (max. 60°C)
Vegetable oils - = ++ ++ -
Vinyl chloride, 80°C - - ++ - -
Wastewater - - ++ + -
Water (seawater) - ++ ++ + -
Water, cold - ++ ++ ++ -
Water, up to 80°C - + ++ = -
Wax, 80°C - - ++ - -
Xylol - = ++ = =
Zinc chloride, aqueous 10% ++ + = ++
Zinc rhodanide 30% - = - -

Table 2: Resistance of various plastic types (without obligation)


Sign Meaning
++ resistant
+ conditionally resistant
= non-resistant


Type-Short Name Discription
PA 6 Polyamide 6
PA 6.6 Polyamide 6.6
PE-HD HD-Polyethylene
PE-LD LD-Polyethylene
PP Polypropylene
PVC-U Polyvinylchloride

 Plastic types ►   PA 6 PA 6.6 PE-HD PE-LD PP PVC-U
 Material
Temperature in °C  23° 60° 23° 60° 23° 60° 23° 60° 23° 60° 23° 60°
 
Concentration
                       
Acetic acid, aqueous 50% = = = = ++ ++/+ ++ + ++ ++ ++ ++
Acetone 100% ++   ++   ++ ++ +   ++ ++/+ = =
Ammonia 10%         ++ ++ ++   ++ ++    
Ammonia, aqueous concentrated ++ + ++ + ++ ++ ++   ++   ++ +
Ammonium chloride, aqueous   ++   ++   ++ ++ ++   ++ ++ ++ ++
Ammonium nitrate, aqueous saturated ++   ++   ++ ++ ++   ++ ++    
Ammonium phosphate, aqueous saturated ++   ++   ++ ++     ++ ++ ++ ++
Ammonium sulfate, aqueous saturated ++   ++   ++ ++ ++   ++ ++    
Amyl alcohol, pure   ++   ++   ++ ++ ++   ++ ++ ++ +
Antifreeze (diethylene glycol)   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++   ++ ++ ++ ++
Aqua regia   =   =   +/= =            
Battery acid (H2SO4) 38%         ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
Benzene   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++/+ +/= + = + = =  
Bleaching lye (12,5% chlorine)   =   =   + =     + + ++ =
Blood   ++   ++   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ +  
Boric acid 100% +   +   ++ ++     ++ ++ ++ +
Brake fluid   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
Bromine varpours   =   =   =   =   =      
Butane, gaseous   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++    
Butyl acetate   ++   ++   ++ + ++ + + = = =
Calcium carbonate saturated ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
Calcium chloride, aqueous saturated ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
Calcium nitrate, aqueous saturated ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++   ++ ++ ++ ++
Carbon dioxide (CO2), gaseous   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++   ++ ++ ++ ++
Carbon disulphide 100% ++ = ++ = + = + = + = =  
Carbon tetrachloride   ++   ++   +/= = =   =   = =
Caustic potash 10% ++ + ++ + ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
Caustic potash 50% +   +   ++ ++ ++ + ++ ++ ++ ++
Chlorine, gaseous dry   =   =   + = + = =   + =
Chlorine, liquid 100% =   =   =   =   =   =  
Chlorobenzene 100% ++   ++   + = + = ++ +/= =  
Chloroform   =   =   +/=   =   + =    
Chromo-sulphuric acid   =   =   =   + = =   ++ =
Citric acid                          
Cooking oil   ++   ++   ++ ++ ++   ++ ++ ++ ++
Cresol solution   =   =   ++ ++ +   ++ ++ = =
Cresols (methylphenols) 100% =   =   ++ ++/+ + = ++ ++/+    
Crude oil   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++   ++ + ++  
Cyclohexane 100%         ++ ++ ++ = ++ = ++ +
Cyclohexanol 100% ++   ++   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ + ++  
Cyclohexanone 100% ++   ++   ++ ++/+ + = ++ +/= =  
Dichlorobenzene   ++   ++   =   +/=   +      
Diesel fuel   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++   ++ ++ ++  
Diethyl ether 100% ++   ++   +/=       +/=   =  
1,4-Dioxane 100% ++ ++ ++ ++ ++   ++ + +/=   =  
Engine oil   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ +   ++ ++ ++ ++
Ethyl acetate   ++   ++   ++ ++/+ + = ++ ++/+ =  
Ethyl alcohol 96% ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ +
Ethyl alcohol (ethanol) 10% ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
2-Ethylhexanol 100%         ++ ++/+     ++      
Ethylene glycol   ++   ++   ++   ++          
Ethylenechloride 100% ++   ++   ++/+   + = ++/+   = =
Formaldehyde, aqueous 10% ++   ++   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
Formaldehyde, aqueous 40% ++   ++   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
Formalin                       ++ ++
Formic acid 10% = = = = ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++    
Fuel (premium grade petrol)   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ +   ++ ++ =  
Fuel (regular gasoline)   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++   ++ ++ ++  
Gasoline (vegetable or aromatic)   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ +   ++ ++ ++ ++
Glacial acetic acid 100% =   =   ++ +     ++ + ++ =
Glycerin 100% ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
Glycerin, aqueous   ++ + ++ + ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
Glycol 100% ++ + ++ + ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
Heating oil   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ + = ++ ++/+ ++ ++
Heptane 100% ++   ++   ++ ++/+ + = ++   ++ ++
Hydraulic oil   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++     ++ ++    
Hydrochloric saturated =   =   ++ +     + = ++  
Hydrochloric acid 10% =   =   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
Hydrochloric acid concentrated =   =   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++/+ ++ ++
Hydrofluoric acid 8% =   =       ++ + ++/+   ++  
Hydrofluoric acid 40% =   =   ++ + ++ + ++ ++ ++ +
Hydrogen peroxide 10% ++/+   ++/+   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
Hydrogen peroxide 30% =   =   ++/+ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ +
Hydrogen sulphide, dry roasted ++   ++   ++ ++/+ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
Iodine tincture   =   =   ++ ++/+ + + ++ + +  
Isopropyl alcohol 100% ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++  
Lactic acid, aqueous 10% ++   ++   ++ ++ ++   ++ ++ ++ ++
Lactic acid, aqueous 90% =   =   ++ ++     ++ ++ ++ ++
Lemon juice           +              
Lemon peel oil   ++   ++   ++ +/=            
Linseed oil   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++   ++ ++ ++ ++
Mercury 100% ++   ++   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
Methane, gaseous   ++   ++   ++ ++ ++   ++ ++ ++  
Methyl alcohol 100% ++   ++   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++/+
Methyl alcohol (methanol) 50% ++   ++   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
Methyl ethyl ketone   ++   ++   ++ = + = ++ + =  
Methylene chloride   +   +   +/= = =   +/= = =  
Milk   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
Mineral oils (aromatics free)   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++/+ +   ++ ++/+ ++ ++
Naphthalene 100%         ++ ++/+ =       + =
n-Butanol 100% ++   ++   ++ ++ ++ + ++ ++ ++ ++
Nitric acid 10% =   =   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
Nitric acid 50% =   =   ++ +/= + = =   ++ ++
Nitric acid 65% =   =   ++/+ = =   + = ++ +
Nitrobenzene 25% +   +   ++ ++/+ + = ++ ++/+ = =
Nitrobenzene 100% =   =   ++ ++/+ + = ++   = =
Oleic acid 100% ++   ++   ++ ++/+ ++ + ++ ++ ++ +
Olive oil   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++   ++ ++ ++ ++
Oxalic acid, aqueous saturated +   +   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
Oxygen, gaseous   ++   ++   ++ ++         ++ ++
Ozone, gaseous <0,5 ppm   =   =   ++/+ = + = =   ++ ++
Paraffin 100% ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++   ++ ++ ++ ++
Paraffin oil 100% ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++   ++ ++ ++ +
Perchlorethylene   + = + = ++/+ =     ++ =    
Petroleum ether (petroleum) 100% ++   ++   ++ ++/+ + = ++ ++/+ ++ ++
Phenol, aqueous ~ 9% =   =   ++ ++ +   ++ ++ + =
Phosphoric acid 50% =   =   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
Phosphoric acid 85% =   =   ++ ++/+ ++ ++ ++ ++/+ ++ ++
Pine needle oil 100% ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++   ++ ++ ++  
Potassium carbonate, aqueous saturated ++   ++   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
Potassium chlorate 7,30%         ++ ++     ++ ++ ++ ++
Potassium chloride, aqueous saturated         ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
Potassium nitrate, aqueous saturated ++   ++   ++ ++ ++   ++ ++ ++ ++
Potassium permanganate, aqueous saturated =   =   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++   ++ ++
Potassium sulfate, aqueous saturated ++   ++   ++ ++     ++ ++ ++ ++
Propane, liquid 100% ++   ++   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
Pyridine   ++ + ++ + ++ ++/+ ++ + ++ ++    
Salt, dry   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
Sea water   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
Sea water   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
Sea water   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
Silicone oil   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
Soda water   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++  
Sodium bicarbonate, aqueous saturated ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++   ++ ++ ++ ++
Sodium bisulfite, aqueous saturated +   +   ++ ++     ++ ++ ++ ++
Sodium carbonate, aqueous saturated ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++   ++ ++ ++ ++
Sodium chlorate, aqueous 25% +   +   ++ ++     ++ ++    
Sodium chloride saturated ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++   ++ ++ ++ ++
Sodium chlorite, aqueous 5% +   +   ++ ++     ++      
Sodium hydroxide 10% ++   ++   ++ ++ ++   ++ ++ ++ ++
Sodium hydroxide 60% +   +   ++ ++     ++ ++ ++ ++
Sodium hydroxide 80% =   =   ++ ++     ++ ++ ++  
Sodium hydroxide (caustic soda) 100% +   +   ++ ++ ++   ++ +/= ++  
Sodium hypochlorite, aqueous 5% +   +   ++ ++ +   ++/+ ++ ++  
Sodium nitrate, aqueous saturated ++   ++   ++ ++     ++ ++ ++ ++
Sodium nitrite, aqueous saturated         ++ ++     ++   ++  
Sodium sulfate, aqueous saturated ++   ++   ++ ++ ++   ++ ++ ++ ++
Sodium sulfide, aqueous saturated ++   ++   ++ ++     ++ ++ ++ ++
Sodium sulfite, aqueous saturated ++   ++   ++       ++   ++ ++
Sodium thiosulfate (fixing salt) saturated         ++ ++     ++ ++ ++ ++
Soya oil   ++   ++   ++ ++ ++   ++ ++ ++ ++
Stearic acid 100% ++   ++   ++ ++/+ ++ + ++ ++ ++ ++
Sulfur dioxide, dry   ++   ++   ++ ++ ++   ++ ++ ++ ++
Sulfur dioxide, moist   +   +                  
Sulfuric acid 10% =   =   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
Sulfuric acid 50% =   =   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
Sulfuric acid 96% =   =   + = +   +/= = ++ +
Tar   ++   ++   ++       ++   ++ ++
Tetrachlorethane 100%         +/=       ++/+   = =
Tetrachlorethylene 100% + ++ + = +/=   =   +/=   = =
Tetrahydrofuran 100% ++   ++   +/= =     +/=   = =
Toluene 100% ++ ++ ++ ++ +/= = + = ++ = = =
Transformer oil   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++/+ ++   ++ ++/+ ++  
Trichlorethylene 100% ++ = ++ = ++/+ = =   + = =  
Turpentine oil   ++   ++   ++/+ + + = ++ +/= ++ +
Urine   ++   ++   ++ ++ ++   ++ ++ ++  
Vinegar, commercially   ++   ++   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
Water 100% ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
White spirit   ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
Xylene   ++ ++ ++ ++ = = + = =   =  
Zinc (II) chloride 10% +   +   ++ ++     ++ ++ ++ +
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